Westland Dreadnought

Westland Dreadnought

An experimental fixed-wing monoplane


The Westland Dreadnought was an experimental single-engine fixed-wing monoplane design for a mail plane created to trial the aerodynamic wing and fuselage design ideas of Woyevodsky. It was designed and built by British aircraft manufacturer Westland Aircraft for the Air Ministry. Only a single aircraft was ever built, and it crashed on its initial flight, badly injuring the test pilot.
The Dreadnought was distinct for its futuristic design and method of construction, based on the theories of the Russian inventor N Woyevodsky. After preliminary tests of the idea were tried in a wind tunnel and met with some degree of success, the design was given to Westland Aircraft to construct an aircraft. The design at the time was for a 70 ft wingspan twin-engine aircraft.

The design was aerodynamically advanced, featuring a continuous aerofoil section over all parts of the aircraft, including the fuselage and, unusually for British aircraft at that time, had no form of wing bracing. Construction was all-metal, comprising drawn channeling with a skin of corrugated sheet panels. The method may be compared to the modern stressed skin construction. Another advanced feature was the fail-safe ejection system.

Although conceived as a twin-engined type with retractable undercarriage, the design that emerged was fitted with a single 450 horsepower Napier Lion II 12 cylinder engine that allowed the Dreadnought speeds of up to 102 miles per hour and fixed undercarriage.

On completion of the Dreadnought, pilot Arthur Stewart Keep carried out taxi trials and short airborne hops. On 9 May 1924, he took off for its first flight test. While the aircraft was initially stable, it soon became clear that Keep was losing control, and not long after, at a height of approximately 100 feet (30 m), the Dreadnought stalled and crashed. Thrown from the aircraft, Keep sustained severe injuries, and later had both legs amputated. He remained with the company and did not retire until 1935. After this failure, the Dreadnought design was abandoned, although the ideas that were conceived and used in its making were visibly an advancement in aircraft and are appreciated as such in the present day.

General characteristics
Crew:  Two
Passengers: Eight
Length:  56 ft 0 in (17.08 m)
Wingspan:  69 ft 6 in (21.19 m)
Height:  16 ft 4 in (4.98 m)
Wing area:  840 ft2 (78.1 m²)
Empty weight:  5,623 lb (2,556 kg)
Loaded weight:  6,900[8] lb (3,136 kg)
Powerplant:  1 × Napier Lion II, 450 hp (336 kW)
Number built: 1
First flight: 9 May 1924


All the above text based on / 'borrowed' from Wikipedia.




The Westland Dreadnought under construction.


.... and seen on the airfield.


The side view of the Westland Dreadnought highlights its smooth lines.


The Westland Dreadnought during its one, and only, flight.